Niš, the Balkan’s crossroad
In the valley, at the confluence of the rivers Nišava and South Morava is situated Niš. The city covers an area of about 600 km: city Niš, Niška Spa and 68 suburbs. Niš is situated at the crossroads of the most important Balkan and European traffic routes. Main road from the north Serbia, from Belgrade through the valley of the Morava River leads us in two directions, splits up the route towards the south, the valley of the Vardar River to Thessaloniki and Athens, and direction to the east, the Valley of the Nišava River and the Marica River to Sofia, Istanbul and further to the Middle East.
Niš became recently an interesting destination for those foreign tourists who want to explore more. Foreign tourists visit Niš even it is not a season and enjoy everything that this Serbian city can offer to them. Due to its turbulent history, Niš became a city – museum, in the true sense of the word. In the National Museum there are so many art pieces of historical inappreciable value, founded in the Archaeological places in this area. The National Theatre in Niš has a tradition long more than a century. In the Doll’s Theatre was first performance in the 1951. The Art Gallery in Niš represents city gallery with artistic historical treasures as well as art pieces of modern trends.
„Ćele kula“, famous historical monument in Niš, is an unique monumental tower in whole world and if you want to learn more as well as to better understand Niš it is recommended tourist place to visit. Once it wasn’t belong to the city area but on the main road which leads to Constantinople. The tower was built from the skulls of Serbian soldiers, died in the Čegar battle, near Niš, that was fought on 31st May 1809th. It was built soon after the battle by the orders of the Turkish commander of Niš -Hursid Pasha, who was later Grand Vizier.
„Niška tvrdjava“ is fortress representing the oldest and most valuable cultural monuments as well as one of the most recognizable city symbols. It is known that on the place, where the fortress is today, once was a Celts settlement and later on the camp of the Roman legions. The fortress walls with the remains unexplored earlier centuries, make a significant cultural monumental fortress placed under the law protection in May 1948th, and in 1979 the „Niška tvrdjava“ was declared a cultural heritage of big significance.
There are so many tourist attractions in the suburb of the Niš.Listen
First of all, there is Niška spa, tourist resort with healing warm springs, famous even in Roman times.
„Cerjanska pećina“ is cave, located near the village Cerije in suburb of Niš. The real name of this cave „Cerjanska pećina“ is Provalija (engl. chasm), and the entrance to the cave is 515m above sea level. „Sićevaćka klisura“ is 15.9 km long canyon in a valley of the Nišava River between the Prosek and Ravni Dol, connecting at the same time basin of the Niš and Bela Palanka.
„Kamenički vis“ is one of several hills on the mountain range Kalafat that encloses the north side of the Niš valley. „Kamenički vis“ is at an altitude of 807m above the village Kamenica after which got its name.
There are many cultural events of international character as well, held in Niš during the whole year, and the most important are: festival of the movie and acting achievements “Filmski susreti”, an international festival of amateur choirs “Choir Festival” and the Art Colony “Sićevo “- the oldest in the country, and there are also indispensable jazz festival “Nišvil “and electronic music festival „Nisomnija”.
Tekst: Aleksandar Devetak
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