The Dedinje palaces (The Royal Palace and the White Palace)
The Royal palaces complex is situated on Dedinje, very famous part of Belgrade, more specifically at the highest point Dedinje’s Hill. It is placed on 135 ha of a beautiful area and the complex of the palaces consists of The Royal Palace, The White Palace and The Royal Chapel of the Holy Apostle Andrew I.
The Royal Palace was built 1924 and 1929. It was built with private funds of His Majesty King Alexander I, and it was his home, and then the home of his son King Peter II. Now in The Royal Palace live His Majesty Prince Alexander II and his family.
This large and representative villa of white marble from Brač, built in Serbian – Byzantine style, was designed by the arch. Živojin Nikolić and the Academician Nikolai Krasnov. The Royal Palace is with a colonnade of white stone pillars connected to The Royal Chapel of the Holy Apostle Andrew I (who is The Patron Saint of the Royal family). The Royal Chapel was built reflecting the Royal Church of the medieval Serbian King Milutin in Studenica, and the monastery Church of Saint Andrew on the Treska River in Macedonia. The interior of the Church is covered with frescoes painted by the Russian painters.
Around The Royal Palace there are beautiful park terraces, swimming pools, pavilions and concert platforms. Placed at the top of the hill, there are magnificent views from the palace towards to the Topčider, Košutnjak forest and the Avala Mountain. The Royal Park of the Royal Palace is placed on 27ha and the park near The White Palace is placed on the 12ha, smaller area than the Royal Park. Surrounding of The White Palace was designed according to the ideas of architect Eduardo Andrea. Except palaces there are on this property some other facilities also, kitchens, garages, buildings of the Royal Guard and the administration offices of the Marshall of the Royal Court.
The interior of The Royal Palace was glamorous furnished and luxurious decorated.
The Formal Entrance Hall of the palace is paved with stone and on its walls there are copies of frescoes from the monasteries Dečani and Sopoćani. The Golden room, the King’s office, library and Dining room are furnished Renaissance style while the Blue room is decorated in Baroque style. Marble pillars are decorated with luxurious wooden ceilings and bronze chandeliers where are special pieces from royal collections, valuable paintings…
There are private rooms and apartments of their Majesty upstairs. They are decorated in various stiles but dominate Louis XVI, Empire and Biedermayer. At the top fluor there are guest suites. In the basement there are representative offices decorated in the style of the Kremlin Terem Castle, while the walls and ceilings are painted with scenes from fairy tale about Fire bird legend and from Serbian national epics . The largest room in the basement, for which one say it is the best, is called “Magic room” and it used also like a cinema and wine cellar.
The White Palace was built between 1934 and 1937, on request of His Majesty King Alexander I with private funds as a residence for his sons. The King thought that when his sons grow up they will need their own space, but could not have an idea that he would be with the assassination (assassination in Marseilles) separated from his family and that the destiny of his sons would take them in the totally different direction. The designer of the White Palace was the architect Aleksandar Djordjević.
On the ground floor of this magnificent palace are ceremonial hall and many suits in the style of Louis XV with charming Venetian chandeliers. Formal dining room, built in the Chippendale style, is near library where are preserved over than 50 thousand books.
With a beautiful stairs we are coming at the hall on the first floor, where are placed five large apartments. At the top floor there is a small library and rooms for servants. In the basement there are some rooms, larder and access to the underground anti-aircraft shelter.
The Serbian Government declared in 2010 the Royal complex on Dedinje a cultural heritage of special cultural and historical significance.
Text: Slavica Blagojević
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